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      RS 30:2194     


§2194. Underground storage tanks; registration

            A. It is the determination of the legislature that regulated substances contained in underground storage tanks pose a present and future hazard to the public health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of the state of Louisiana, and consequently, there is a need to have all such facilities register with the state.

            B. As used in R.S. 30:2194 through 2195.11, the following terms shall have the meaning ascribed to them in this Subsection, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

            (1)(a) "Bulk facility" means a facility, including pipeline terminals, refinery terminals, motor fuel distribution terminals, rail and barge terminals, and associated tanks, connected or separate, from which motor fuels are withdrawn from bulk and delivered into a cargo tank or a barge used to transport these materials.

            (b) "Bulk facility" shall also mean a broker, reseller, or other person that does not sell motor fuels to any person other than another bulk facility and has registered and obtained a certificate from the department.

            (2) "Cargo tank" means an assembly that is used for transporting, hauling, or delivering liquids and that consists of a tank having one or more compartments mounted on a wagon, truck, trailer, railcar, or wheels.

            (3) "Date of release" means the specific date in which evidence indicates that a release (leak) is occurring or has occurred. If a tank is taken out-of-service, the date of release is the last date of operation. If no specific date is determined, the "date of release" is the date the release is reported to the department.

            (4) "Eligible participant" means any owner of an underground storage tank who has registered a newly installed or operating tank with the department prior to the date of a release, has paid the annual tank registration fees along with any late payment fees, has met the financial responsibility requirements imposed by R.S. 30:2195.9, and has met the noncompliance financial responsibility amounts imposed by R.S. 30:2195.10.

            (5) "Motor fuel underground storage tank" means an underground storage tank used only to contain an accumulation of motor fuels.

            (6) "Motor fuels" shall be defined as all grades of gasoline including but not limited to gasohol, No. 1 diesel, No. 2 diesel, kerosene, and all aviation fuels. This term shall include new and used motor oil that is used for lubricating engines of motor vehicles. "Motor fuels" may include, as determined by the secretary, any product, petroleum or petroleum blend, biofuel or any new fuel that may emerge for the propulsion of motor vehicles. However, liquid petroleum (LP) gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), and liquefied natural gas (LNG) shall not be included in this definition of motor fuels.

            (7) "Operating tank" means a tank that is actively receiving and dispensing motor fuels, including a tank which actively receives used motor oil.

            (8) "Regulated substance" means:

            (a) Any substance defined in Section 101(14) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, but not including any substance regulated as a hazardous waste under the hazardous waste regulations of the department.

            (b) Petroleum, including crude oil or any fraction thereof which is liquid at standard conditions of temperature and pressure, 60° Fahrenheit and 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute.

            (c) Any motor fuels as determined by the secretary.

            (9) "Response action" means any technical services activity or specialized services activity, including but not limited to assessment, planning, design, engineering, construction, operation of recovery system, or ancillary services which are carried out in response to any discharge or release or threatened release of motor fuels into the groundwater, surface waters, or soils.

            (10) "Response action contractor" means a person who has been approved by the department and is carrying out any response action, excluding a person retained or hired by such person to provide specialized services relating to a response action. When emergency conditions exist as a result of a release from a motor fuel underground storage tank, this term shall also include any person performing department-approved emergency response actions during the first seventy-two hours following the release.

            (11) "Specialized services" means activities associated with the preparation of a reimbursement application, laboratory analysis, or any construction activity, construction of trenches, excavations, installing monitoring wells, conducting borings, heavy equipment work, surveying, plumbing, and electrical work, which is carried out by a response action contractor or a subcontractor hired or retained by a response action contractor in response to a discharge or release or threatened release of motor fuels into the groundwater, surface waters, or soils.

            (12) "Technical services" means activities performed by a response action contractor, including but not limited to oversight of all assessment field activities, all reporting, planning, development of corrective action plans, designing remedial activities, performance of groundwater monitoring, discharge monitoring, performance of operation and maintenance of remedial systems, and oversight of specialized services performed by a subcontractor.

            (13) "Third-party claim" means any civil action brought or asserted by any person against the secretary of the department and any owner of any underground storage tank for damages to person or property when damages are the direct result of the contamination of surface water, groundwater, or soils by motor fuels released during operation of storage tanks as provided for in R.S. 30:2194 through 2195.11. The term "damages to person" shall be limited to damages arising directly out of the ingestion or inhalation of petroleum constituents from water well contamination or inhalation of petroleum constituents seeping into homes or buildings, and the term "damages to property" shall be limited to the unreimbursed costs of a response action and the amount by which real property is proven to be permanently devalued as a result of the release.

            (14) "Underground storage tank" means any one or combination of tanks and their attendant product piping which is used to contain an accumulation of regulated substances and the volume of which is ten percent or more beneath the surface of the ground. Such term may be further defined by regulations adopted under this Subtitle.

            (15) "Withdrawal from bulk" means the removal of a motor fuel from a bulk facility storage tank directly into a cargo tank or a barge to be transported to another location other than another bulk facility and deposited into an underground storage tank for distribution, direct consumption, or sale in this state.

            (16) Repealed by Acts 2004, No. 692, §4, eff. July 6, 2004.

            C. The secretary shall promulgate regulations requiring the registration of all underground storage tanks with a capacity in excess of one hundred ten gallons which contain regulated substances. The secretary may adopt rules and regulations to require the registration of certain underground storage tanks; establish requirements for ensuring sound underground storage tank management for preventing, controlling, remediating, and abating actual or potential contamination of surface water, groundwater, or soils; establish requirements for reporting of known releases and for taking corrective action in response to known releases from underground storage tank systems; establish a field citation program with penalty imposing authority; and establish a certification program for persons installing, repairing, or closing underground storage tank systems. For the purpose of this Section, "underground storage tank" shall not include a:

            (1) Farm or residential tank of one thousand one hundred gallons or less capacity used for storing motor fuel for noncommercial purposes.

            (2) Tank used for storing heating oil for consumptive use on the premises where stored.

            (3) Septic tank.

            (4) Pipeline facility, including gathering lines:

            (a) Regulated under the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968, 49 U.S.C.A. 1671 et seq.;

            (b) Regulated under the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979, 49 U.S.C.A. 2001 et seq.; or

            (c) Which is an intrastate pipeline facility regulated under state laws comparable to the provisions of law referred to in Subparagraph (a) or (b) above.

            (5) Surface impoundment, pit, pond, or lagoon.

            (6) Storm water or waste water collection system.

            (7) Flow-through process tank.

            (8) Liquid trap or associate gathering lines directly related to oil or gas production and gathering operations.

            (9) Storage tank situated in an underground area such as a basement, cellar, mineworking drift, shaft, or tunnel if the storage tank is situated upon or above the surface of the floor.

            D. The secretary shall have the authority to issue, deny, suspend, or revoke certifications for underground storage tank workers. Issuance, denial, suspension, or revocation of these certifications shall be conducted in accordance with the regulations established by the department. An appeal of any action taken by the secretary pursuant to this Subsection shall be conducted in accordance with R.S. 30:2024.

            E. Registration of underground storage tanks as required by Subsection C of this Section and issuance of certificates as referenced in Subsection D of this Section and R.S. 30:2195.3(A)(4) shall not be subject to the provisions of R.S. 30:2022 and 2023.

            Acts 1985, No. 493, §1, eff. July 12, 1985; Acts 1986, No. 421, §1, eff. July 2, 1986; Acts 1988, No. 767, §1, eff. July 15, 1988; Acts 1989, No. 513, §1; Acts 1990, No. 1014, §1, eff. Sept. 1, 1990; Acts 1991, No. 223, §1; Acts 1991, No. 890, §1; Acts 1995, No. 336, §1, eff. June 16, 1995; Acts 1999, No. 567, §1, eff. June 30, 1999; Acts 1999, No. 589, §1, eff. June 30, 1999; Acts 2001, No. 550, §1; Acts 2004, No. 692, §§1, 4, eff. July 6, 2004; Acts 2016, No. 521, §1.

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